U.S. Naval Sea Cadet Corps ADIRONDACK BATTALION

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Dates in US Naval History

July 1

 

1797 - Naval Regulations passed by Congress

1800 - First convoy duty; USS Essex escorts convoy of merchant ships from East Indies to U.S.

1801 - U.S. squadron under Commodore Dale enters Mediterranean to strike Barbary Pirates

1850 - Naval School at Annapolis renamed Naval Academy

1851 - Naval Academy adopts four year course of study

1911 - Trial of first Navy aircraft, Curtiss A-1. The designer, Glenn Curtiss, makes first flight in Navy's first aircraft, A-1, at Lake Keuka, NY, then prepares LT Theodore G. Ellyson, the first naval aviator, for his two solo flights in A-1.

1914 - Prohibition of alcohol begins in the Navy

1916 - Establishment of informal school for officers assigned to submarines at New London, CT

1918 - USS Covington hit without warning by two torpedoes from German Submarine U-86 and sank the next day

1933 - USS Constitution commences tour of principal U.S. seaports.

1946 - 1st of 2 detonations, Operation Crossroads nuclear test

1951 - Responsibility for the Government of Trust Territories transferred from Navy to Department of Interior.

1972 - Date of rank of Rear Admiral Samuel Lee Gravely, Jr., who was first U.S. Navy Admiral of African-American descent.

 

July 2

 

1923 - Commissioning of Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC.

1926 - Distinguished Flying Cross authorized by Congress.

1937 - Amelia Earhart disappears in Pacific. Navy conducts extensive unsuccessful search

1945 - USS Barb (SS-220) bombards Japanese installations on Kaihyo Island, Japan; first successful use of rockets against shore positions.

1946 - Establishment of VX-3 to evaluate adaptability of helicopters to naval purposes.

1950 - USS Juneau and 2 British ships sink 5 of 6 attacking North Korean torpedo boats and gunboats.

1967 - During Operation Bear Claw, Seventh Fleet Amphibious Force conducts helicopter assault 12 miles inland at Con Thien.

 

July 3

 

1898 - At Battle of Santiago, Cuba, RADM Sampson's squadron destroys Spanish fleet

1950 - USS Valley Forge and HMS Triumph participate in first carrier action of Korean Conflict. VF-51 aircraft (Valley Forge) shoot down 2 North Korean aircraft. The action is first combat test of F9F Panther and AD Skyraider.

 

July 4

 

1776 - American colonies declare their independence from Great Britain

1777 - John Paul Jones hoists first Stars and Stripes flag on Ranger at Portsmouth, NH.

1801 - First Presidential Review of U.S. Marine Band and Marines at the White House.

1831 - U.S. concludes indemnity treaty with France.

1842 - First test of electrically operated underwater torpedo sinks gunboat Boxer

1863 - Confederates surrender of Vicksburg, MS, gives Union control of Mississippi River.

 

July 5

 

1814 - Sloop-of-war Peacock captures British Stranger, Venus, Adiona, and Fortitude.

1815 - Commodore Stephen Decatur's squadron arrives at Tripoli to collect reparations for seizure of American merchant ships in violation of Treaty of 1805.

 

July 6

 

1747 - Birth of John Paul Jones at Arbigland, Scotland.

1898 - Armed Auxiliary Dixie captures Spanish Three Bells, Pilgrim, and Greeman Castle

1908 - CDR Robert Peary sails in Roosevelt from New York to explore Arctic.

1911 - First naval aviation base established at Annapolis, MD.

1920 - Test and first use of radio compass in aircraft off Norfolk, VA

1943 - Night Battle of Kula Gulf results in loss of 2 Japanese destroyers and USS Helena.

1976 - 1st women enter Naval Academy.

 

July 7

 

1798 - Congress rescinds treaties with France; Quasi War begins with Frigate Delaware capturing French privateer, Croyable.

1846 - Commodore John D. Sloat lands at Monterey and claims California for U.S.

1916 - Thomas A. Edison becomes head of Naval Consulting Board which screens inventions for use by the Navy

1948 - First six enlisted women sworn into Regular Navy. The Navy WAVES in Naval Reserve, who were the first to transfer to the Regular Navy, were Kay Louise Langdon, Aviation Storekeeper First Class; Wilma Juanita Marchal, Chief Yeoman; Frances Teresa Dovaney, Storekeeper, Second Class; Edna Earle Young, Yeoman, Second Class; Doris Roberta Robertson, Teleman, Second Class; and Ruth Flora, Hospital Corpsman, First Class.

 

July 8

 

1778 - Allied French fleet under Comte d'Estaing arrives in America.

1853 - Commodore Matthew C. Perry sails his squadron into Tokyo Bay.

1879 - USS Jeannette departs San Francisco to explore Arctic.

1944 - Naval bombardment of Guam begins.

 

July 9

 

1846 - Sailors and Marines from USS Portsmouth occupy and raise flag over San Francisco.

1944 - Organized Japanese resistence ceases on Saipan, Marianas.

1960 - USS Wasp departs Guantanamo Bay to support United Nations effort to calm the newly independent Congo.

 

July 10

 

1934 - USS Houston takes Franklin Delano Roosevelt on first visit of U.S. President to South America.

1943 - Naval gunfire help Allied troops land on Sicily. It was first extensive use of LST's and smaller landing craft to deliver heavy equipment over the beach.

1945 - 14 carriers from Third Fleet carriers begin air strikes on Japanese Home Islands which end 15 August.

 

July 11

 

1798 - Reestablishment of Marine Corps under the Constitution.

1918 - Henry Ford launches first of 100 Eagle boats.

1919 - Pay Corps renamed Supply Corps

1943 - Gunfire from U.S. cruisers and destroyers stop German and Italian tank attack against Army beachhead at Gela, Sicily.

 

July 12

 

1836 - Commissioning of Charles H. Haswell as first regularly appointed Engineer Officer.

1916 - North Carolina is first Navy ship to carry and operate aircraft

1921 - Congress creates Bureau of Aeronautics to be in charge of all matter pertaining to naval aeronautics.

1951 - Ninth Naval District forces assist in flood relief work in Kansas City through 20 July

1953 - United Nations Fleet launches heavy air and sea attack on Wonsan; Major John Bolt, USMC becomes first jet ace in Marine Corps.

1988 - SECDEF approves opening Navy's Underwater Construction Teams, fleet oiler, ammunition ships, and combat stores ships to women.

1990 - Commander Rosemary B. Mariner becomes first woman to command an operational aviation squadron (VAQ-34).

 

July 13

1863 - USS Wyoming battled Japanese warlord's forces.

1939 - Appointment of RADM Richard Byrd as commanding officer of 1939-1941 Antarctic Expedition.

1943 - During Battle of Kolombangara in Solomon Islands, U.S. lost USS Gwin. (DD-433) while Japanese lost light cruiser Jintsu.

 

July 14

 

1813 - LT John M. Gamble, the first marine to command a ship in battle (prize vessel Greenwich in capture of British whaler Seringapatam)

1853 - Commodore Matthew Perry lands and holds first meeting with Japanese at Uraga, Japan

1882 - Sailors and Marines from 4 U.S. ships land to help restore order at Alexandria, Egypt.

1945 - U.S. warships bombard Kamaishi, Japan; first naval gunfire bombardment of Japanese Home Islands.

1950 - U.S. Marines sail from San Diego for Korean Conflict.

1952 - Laying of keel of USS Forrestal, the first 59,900 ton aircraft carrier.

 

July 15

 

1870 - Act of Congress establishes Pay Corps, which later becomes the Supply Corps.

1942 - First photographic interpretation unit set up in the Pacific.

1958 - In response to request by President of Lebanon, Sixth Fleet lands 1,800 Marines at Beruit to support Lebanese government against Communist rebels.

 

July 16

 

1862 - Congress creates rank of Rear Admiral. David G. Farragut is named the first Rear Admiral

1912 - Rear Admiral Bradley Fiske receives patent for torpedo plane or airborne torpedo.

1915 - First Navy ships, battleships Ohio, Missouri, and Wisconsin transit Panama Canal.

1945 - First atomic bomb test at Alamogordo, NM.

 

July 17

 

1858 - U.S. sloop Niagara departs Queenstown, Ireland, to assist in laying first trans-Atlantic telegraph cable.

1898 - Santiago, Cuba surrenders to U.S. Naval forces.

1927 - First organized dive bombing attack in combat by Marine Corps pilots against Nicaraguan bandits who were surrounding U.S. Marine garrison at Ocotal, Nicaraguan.

1944 - Ammunition explosion at Naval Magazine, Port Chicago, CA.

1975 - Docking in space of the U.S. Apollo (Apollo 18) and Soviet Soyuz (Soyuz 19) space craft. This was the first manned space flight conducted jointly by the 2 nations. Former naval aviator Vance D. Brand was the Apollo Command Module Pilot. The Apollo craft was in space for 9 days and 7.5 hours. Recovery was by USS New Orleans (LPH-11).

 

July 18

 

1775 - Continental Congress resolves that each colony provide armed vessels

1779 - Commodore Abraham Whipple's squadron captures 11 prizes in largest prize value of Revolutionary War.

1792 - John Paul Jones dies in Paris, France

1813 - U.S. Frigate President captures British Daphne, Eliza Swan, Alert and Lion.

1920 - Naval aircraft sink ex-German cruiser Frankfurt in target practice.

1943 - German submarine shoots down K-74, the first and only U.S. airship lost during WW II.

1947 - President Harry S. Truman delegates responsibility for the civil administration of former Japanese mandated island to the Secretary of the Navy.

1966 - Launch of Gemini 10 with LCDR John W. Young, USN as Command Pilot. Mission involved 43 orbits at an altitude of 412.2 nautical miles and lasted 2 days, 22 hours, and 46 minutes. Recovery was by HS-3 helicopter from USS Guadalcanal (LPH-7).

1973 - Task Force 78, Mine Countermeasures Force, departs waters of North Vietnam after completing their minesweeping operations of 1,992 tow hours for the cost of $20,394,000.

 

July 19

 

1812 - USS Constitution escapes from British squadron after 3 day chase off New Jersey

1886 - Atlanta, the first steel-hulled American cruiser armed with breechloading rifled guns, is commissioned.

1897 - LT Robert E. Peary departs on year long Arctic Expedition which makes many important discoveries, including one of largest meteorites, Cape York.

1918 - Armored cruiser USS San Diego sunk off Fire Island, NY by a mine laid by U-156.

1940 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs second Naval Expansion Act.

 

July 20

 

1846 - First visit of U.S. warships (USS Columbus and USS Vincennes) to Japan is unsuccessful in negotiating a treaty.

1960 - In first launch of Polaris missile, USS George Washington (SSBN 598) successfully fires 2 operational Polaris missiles while submerged off Florida.

1964 - Four Navy divers enter Project SEALAB I capsule moored 192 feet on the ocean floor off Bermuda for 11 day experiment.

1969 - Former Navy pilot Neil Armstrong is first man to set foot on the moon. While taking the first step, he said, "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." Armstrong was Commander of Apollo 11 which during its 8 day mission landed on the Sea of Tranquility. Recovery was by HS-4 helicopters from USS Hornet (CVS-12).

 

July 21

 

1823 - After pirate attack, LT David G. Farragut leads landing party to destroy pirate stronghold in Cuba.

1944 - Invasion and recapture of Guam begins.

1946 - In first U.S. test of adaptability of jet aircraft to shipboard operations, XFD-1 Phantom makes landings and takeoffs without catapults from Franklin D. Roosevelt.

1987 - Navy escorts first Earnest Will Convoy in the Persian Gulf.

 

July 22

 

1802 - Frigate Constellation defeats 9 Corsair gunboats off Tripoli.

1905 - Body of John Paul Jones moved to Annapolis, MD for reburial.

1953 - U.S. ships laid down heavy barrage to support UN troops in Korea

1964 - Four Navy Divers (LCDR Robert Thompson, MC; Gunners Mate First Class Lester Anderson, Chief Quartermaster Robert A. Barth, and Chief Hospital Corpsman Sanders Manning) submerge in Sealab I for 10 days at a depth of 192 feet, 39 miles off Hamilton, Bermuda. They surfaced on 31 July 1964.

1974 - Evacuees from the coup on Cyprus arrive on board Navy vessels in the Mediterranean. Operation ended on 24 July.

 

July 23

 

1947 - First Navy all jet squadron (VF-17A) receives its first aircraft (FH).

1948 - USS Putnum (DD-757) evacuates U.N. team from Haifa, Israel and becomes first U.S. Navy ship to fly the U.N. flag.

1950 - USS Boxer sets record crossing of Pacific to bring aircraft, troops, and supplies to Korea at start of the Conflict

1958 - USS Nautilus (SSN-571) departs Pearl Harbor for first submerged transit of North Pole.

1993 - Sarah Deal becomes first woman Marine selected for naval aviation training.

 

July 24

 

1813- Sailing Master Elijah Mix attempts to blow up British warship Plantagenet with a torpedo near Cape Henry, Virginia.

1944 - Following 43 days of naval gunfire and air bombardment, Naval Task Force lands Marines on Tinian.

 

July 25

 

1779 - Amphibious expedition against British in Penobscot Bay, ME

1863 - U.S. Squadron bombards Fort Wagner, NC

1866 - Rank of Admiral created. David G. Farragut is appointed the first Admiral in the U.S. Navy

1898 - Landing party from armed yacht Gloucester occupies Guanica, Puerto Rico.

1912 - First specifications for naval aircraft published.

1934 - First President to visit Hawaii, Franklin D. Roosevelt, reaches Hilo on board USS Houston

1941 - Bureau of Ordnance issues first Navy "E"certificates (for excellence) for industry.

1943 - Launching of USS Harmon (DE-72), first ship named for African-American.

1990 - USS Cimarron rescues 25 refugees adrift southeast of Subic Bay, Philippines.

 

July 26

 

1812 - Frigate Essex captures British brig Leander

1912 - First airborne radio communications from naval aircraft to ship (LT John Rodgers to USS Stringham)

1946 - CAPT Joy Bright Hancock appointed Director, Women's Naval Reserve.

1948 - President Harry S. Truman orders desegregation of the Armed Services.

1954 - 3 aircraft from USS Philippine Sea (CVA-47) shoot down 2 Chinese fighters that fired on them while they were providing air cover for rescue operations for a U.K. airliner shot down by a Chinese aircraft.

 

July 27

 

1953 - Korean War armistice signed at Panmunjon, Korea and Korean cease-fire went into effect at 10:00 PM.

 

July 28

 

1915 - Sailors and Marines land in Haiti to restore order

1916 - Navy establishes a Code and Signal Section which initially worked against German ciphers and tested the security of communications during U.S. naval training maneuvers.

1926 - Team of scientists from Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) and Carnegie Institution determine height of the Ionosphere through use of radio pulse transmitter developed by NRL

1945 - USS Callaghan (DD-792) is last ship sunk by a Japanese kamikaze attack, off Okinawa.

1973 - Launch of Skylab 3, the second manned mission to the first U.S. manned space station, was piloted by MAJ Jack R. Lousma, USMC with CAPT Alan L. Bean, USN as the Commander of the mission and former Navy electronics officer, Owen K. Garriott as Science Pilot. The mission lasted 59 days, 11 hours and included 858 Earth orbits. Recovery by USS New Orleans (LPH-11).

 

July 29

 

1846 - Sailors and Marines from U.S. sloop Cyane capture San Diego, CA

1918 - Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin D. Roosevelt visits Queenstown, Ireland

1945 - U.S. warships bombard Hamamatsu, Japan.

1967 - Fire on board USS Forrestal killed 134 members of the crew.

 

July 30

 

1918 - Units of First Marine Aviation Force arrive at Brest, France

1941 - Japanese aircraft bomb USS Tutuila (PR-4) at Chungking, China; First Navy ship damaged by Axis during World War II.

1942 - FDR signs act establishing WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service). During World War II, over 80,000 officer and enlisted women served in the WAVES.

1944 - Naval Task Force lands Army troops near Cape Opmarai, New Guinea.

1945 - Japanese submarine, I-58, sinks USS Indianapolis (CA-35) in Philippine Sea; 316 out of 1199 crew survived.

1967 - Fire on board USS Forrestal off the coast of Vietnam results in death of 134 crew.

 

July 31

 

1815 - Commodore Stephen Decatur concludes agreement with Bey of Tunis to compensate U.S. for seizure of merchant ships during the War of 1812.

1865 - East India Squadron established to operate from Sunda Strait to Japan.

1874 - Commissioning of USS Intrepid, first U.S. warship equipped with torpedoes

1912 - First attempt to launch an airplane by catapult made at Annapolis.

1964 - All-nuclear task force with USS Long Beach, USS Enterprise, and USS Bainbridge leaves Norfolk, VA to begin voyage, Operation Sea Orbit, to circle the globe without refueling. They returned on 3 October.

 

August 1

 

1801 - U.S. schooner Enterprise captures Tripolitan ship Tripoli

1921 - Successful tests of gyroscopic high level bombsight (Norden Bombsight) at Torpedo Station, Yorktown, VA. Carl Norden developed the bombsight for the Bureau of Ordnance.

1946 - Office of Naval Research established

1950 - Control of Guam transferred to Department of Interior

1958 - USS Nautilus (SSN-571) submerges under Arctic ice cap near Point Barrow

 

August 2

 

1943 - PT-109, under command of LTJG John F. Kennedy, cut in half by Japanese destroyer Amagiri

1943 - Naval task groups bombard Japanese forces on Kiska, Alaska

1950 - Amphibious force ships land Marine First Provisional Brigade at Pusan, Korea helping to save this last area of South Korea from capture.

1964 - Three North Vietnamese PT boats attack USS Maddox (DD-731) in international waters in Gulf of Tonkin. Maddox sinks one.

 

August 3

 

1804 - American Squadron, including USS Constitution, attacks Tripoli

1812 - Frigate Essex capture British brig Brothers

1861 - Construction of USS Monitor authorized

1861 - First manned ascent in a balloon from a ship, gunboat USS Fanny, to observe Confederate artillery position at Hampton Roads, VA

1942 - Mildred McAffee (Horton) becomes the first woman officer commissioned into Naval Reserve.

1950 - First Marine Corps aviation mission against North Korea by VMF-214, from USS Sicily

1950 - First helicopter evacuation in Korea by VMO-6

1958 - USS Nautilus (SSN-571) is first ship to reach the geographic North Pole submerged.

1970 - USS James Madison (SSBN-627) conducts first submerged launching of Poseidon nuclear missile off Cape Kennedy

 

August 4

 

1846 - Sailors and Marines from USS Congress capture Santa Barbara

1858 - First trans-Atlantic cable completed by USS Niagara and British ship Agamemnon

1944 - Fifth Fleet carrier task forces begin air attack against Iwo Jima and the Bonin Islands

1947 - Birthdate of the Medical Service Corps

1964 - The Navy and national intelligence sources report a North Venamese PT boat attack on USS Turner Joy and USS Maddox in the Tokin Gulf prompting Congress to pass the Tonkin Gulf Resolution on 7 August 1964. The attack was later disproven.

 

August 5

 

1832 - Frigate Potomac is first U.S. Navy ship to entertain royalty, King and Queen of Sandwich Islands, Honolulu

1864 - RADM David Farragut wins Battle of Mobile Bay, sealing off last Confederate port on Gulf Coast

1882 - Authorizing of first steel warships, beginning of the modern Navy.

1915 - First air spotting for shore batteries at Fort Monroe, VA

1921 - Yangtze River Patrol Force established as command under Asiatic Fleet.

1953 - Exchange of prisoners of war of Korean Conflict (Operation Big Switch) begins

1967 - Operation Coronado III begins in Rung Sat Zone, Vietnam

1990 - Navy and Marine Task Force (USS Saipan, USS Ponce, and USS Sumter) begin evacuation of U.S. citizens and foreign nationals from Liberia during civil war.

 

August 6

 

1862 - CSS Arkansas destroyed by her commanding officer to prevent capture by USS Essex.

1943 - Battle of Vella Gulf begins. US destroyers sink 3 of 4 Japanese destroyers.

1945 - Atomic bomb detonated over Hiroshima, Japan. Navy weaponeer, Captain W.S. Parsons, USN, armed the atomic bomb on the B-29 bomber, Enola Gay.

1990 - President George Bush orders Operation Desert Shield, largest overseas deployment since Vietnam, to protect Saudi Arabia after Iraqi's invasion of Kuwait.

1997 - Naval Forces on Guam help rescue and begin providing medical care to survivors of Korean Airlines Flight 801 that crashed on Guam.

 

August 7

 

1782 - Badge of Military Merit (Purple Heart) established

1942 - Navy Amphibious Task Force lands Marines on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands in first U.S. land offensive of World War II

1964 - Gulf of Tonkin Resolution passed by Congress

 

August 8

 

1813- US Schooners Hamilton and Scourge founder in storm on Lake Ontario

1959 - Announcement of Project Teepee, electronic system to monitor 95 percent of earth's atmosphere for missile launchings or nuclear explosions. System developed by William Thaler, Office of Naval Research physicist.

1972 - Women authorized for sea duty as regular ship's company

 

August 9

 

1815 - CAPT Stephen Decatur concludes treaty for U.S. with Tripoli

1842 - Signing of Webster-Ashburton Treaty under which U.S. and Great Britain agreed to cooperate in suppressing the slave trade.

1865 - Return of Naval Academy to Annapolis after 4 years at Newport, RI

1919 - Construction of rigid airship ZR-1 (Shenandoah) authorized

1941 - Atlantic Charter Conference is first meeting between President Roosevelt and Winston Churchill

1942 - Battle of Savo Island begins; First of many sea battles near Guadalcanal

1945 - Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan. Navy weaponeer arms the atomic bomb.

1949 - First use of pilot-ejection seat for emergency escape in U.S. made by LT Jack I. Fruin of VF-171 near Walterboro, SC

 

August 10

 

1916 - First Naval aircraft production contract, for N-9s

1921 - General Order establishes the Bureau of Aeronautics under RADM William Moffett

1944 - Guam secured by U.S. forces.

1964 - Signing of Gulf of Tonkin Resolution which is used as the starting point of the Vietnam Conflict

 

August 11

 

1812 - USS Constitution captures and destroys brig Lady Warren

1877 - Professor Asaph Hall of Naval Observatory discovers first of two satellites of Mars. He found the second one within a week.

1921 - Carrier arresting gear first tested at Hampton Roads.

1960 - USNS Longview, using Navy helicopters and frogmen, recovers a Discover satellite capsule after 17 orbits. This is first recovery of U.S. satellite from orbit.

August 12

 

1812 - USS Constitution captures and destroys brig Adeona

1918 - SECNAV approves acceptance of women as yeoman (F) in U.S. Navy

1942 - USS Cleveland (CL-55) demonstrates effectiveness of radio-proximity fuze (VT-fuze) against aircraft by successfully destroying 3 drones with proximity bursts fired by her five inch guns.

1944 - LT Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., USNR, the older brother of John F. Kennedy, was killed with his co-pilot in a mid-air explosion after taking off from England in a PB4Y from Special Attack Unit One (SAU-1). Following manual takeoff, they were supposed to parachute out over the English Channel while the radio-controlled explosive filled drone proceeded to attack a German V-2 missile-launching site. Possible causes include faulty wiring or FM signals from a nearby transmitter.

1957 - In first test of Automatic Carrier Landing System, LCDR Don Walker is landed on USS Antietam.

1958 - USS Nautilus (SSN-571) arrives Portland, England completing first submerged under ice cruise from Pacific to Atlantic Oceans.

 

August 13

 

1777 - American explosive device made by David Bushnell explodes near British vessel off New London, CT.

1846 - Joint expedition led by CDR Robert Stockton seizes Los Angeles, CA

1870 - Armed tug Palos becomes first U.S. Navy ship to transit Suez Canal

 

August 14

 

1813 - HMS Pelican captures USS Argus

1886 - SECNAV establishes Naval Gun Factory at Washington Navy Yard

1941 -

1945 - Japan agrees to surrender; last Japanese ships sunk during World War II (15 August in DC)

 

August 15

 

1845 - U.S. Naval Academy established at Annapolis, MD on former site of Fort Severn.

1895 - Commissioning of Texas, the first American steel-hulled battleship. Texas served off Cuba during the Spanish-American War and took part in the naval battle of Santiago. Under the name of San Marcos, she was sunk in weapon effects tests in Chesapeake Bay in 1911. Her hulk continued in use as a gunnery target through World War II.

1908 - First Navy post offices established in Navy ships

1944 - Operation Dragoon, Allied invasion of Southern France

1953 - First naval officer appointed Chairman, Joints Chiefs of Staff, Admiral William Radford. He served from 15 August 1953 until 15 August 1957.

1958 - USS Lexington (CVA-16) arrives in vicinity of Taiwan

 

August 16

 

1812 - USS Constitution recaptures American merchant brig Adeline

1954 - Beginning of Operation Passage to Freedom, transport of refugees from Haiphong to Saigon, Vietnam

 

August 17

 

1812 - Frigate President captures British schooner L'Adeline in North Atlantic

1942 - Submarines USS Nautilus and USS Argonaut land 222 Marines on Makin Island, first amphibious attack made from submarines

1959 - ADM Arleigh Burke reappointed CNO for 3rd 2 year term, serving longest term as CNO

1962 - Navy's first hydrofoil patrol craft, USS High Point (PCH-1) launched at Seattle, WA

 

August 18

 

1838 - Exploring Expedition under LT Charles Wilkes embarks on world cruise.

1911 - First Navy Nurse Corps superintendent, Esther Voorhees Hasson, appointed

1965 - First major amphibious assault in Vietnam, Operation Starlight captures 2,000 Viet Cong

1966 - First ship-to-shore satellite radio message sent from USS Annapolis in South China Sea to Pacific Fleet Headquarters at Pearl Harbor

1974 - After flooding in Philippines, Navy helicopters begin 6 days of operations to rescue people and bring supplies (244 flights)

 

August 19

 

1812 - USS Constitution captures HMS Guerriere.

1812- Devastating hurricane struck the Navy's New Orleans station, delaying military preparations in the War of 1812

1818 - CAPT James Biddle takes possession of Oregon Territory for U.S.

1967 - Operation Coronado IV begins in Mekong Delta

1981 - 2 VF-41 aircraft from USS Nimitz shoot down 2 Libyan aircraft which fired on them over international waters

 

August 20

 

1952 - In interservice air operation at Chang Pyong-ni, Korea, U.S. Navy, Marine and Air Force aircraft destroy 80 percent of assigned area.

1959 - USS Thetis Bay (LPH-6) completes 6-day humanitarian operation after floods in Taiwan.

1969 - Navy Seabees and sailors from Helicopter Training Squadron Eight (HT-8) evacuated 820 people from Pass Christian, MS after Hurricane Camille.

 

August 21

 

1800 - U.S. Marine Corps Band gave its first concert in Washington, D.C.

1883 - Installation of the first electric lighting on a US Navy Ship completed on USS Trenton.

1920 - Radio station built by U.S. Navy and French Government transmits first wireless message heard around the world. At time it was the most powerful radio station in the world.

1951 - First contract for nuclear-powered submarine awarded.

1965 - Launch of Gemini 5, piloted by LCDR Charles Conrad Jr., USN, who completed 120 orbits in almost 8 days at an altitude of 349.8 km. Recovery was by helicopter from USS Lake Champlain (CVS-39).

1980 - USS Truxtun rescues 42 Vietnamese refugees and USS Merrill rescues 62 Vietnamese refugees, over 200 miles southeast of Saigon

 

August 22

 

1912 - Birthday of Dental Corps

1945 - First surrender of Japanese garrison at end of World War II; USS Levy receives surrender of Mille Atoll in Marshall Islands

1980 - USS Passumpsic rescues 28 Vietnamese refugees

 

August 23

 

1864 - RADM David Farragut's squadron captures Fort Morgan at Mobile Bay winning control of Mobile Bay

1958 - Massive concentration of Pacific Fleet in Quemoy-Matsu area prevents invasion of islands by China.

1958 - In Taiwan Straits Crisis, Units of 7th Fleet move into Taiwan area to support Taiwan against Chinese Communists.

1963 - The first satellite communications ship, USNS Kingsport (T-AG-164) in Lagos, Nigeria, connected President John F. Kennedy with Nigerian Prime Minister Balewa who was aboard for the first satellite (Syncom II) relayed telephone conversation between heads of state.

 

August 24

 

1814 - British invasion of Maryland and Washington, D.C.; Washington Navy Yard and ships burned to prevent capture by the British

1912 - Launching of USS Jupiter, first electrically propelled Navy ship

1942 - U.S. carrier aircraft begin 2-day Battle of Eastern Solomons where Japanese task force defeated and one Japanese carrier sunk. Japanese recall expedition to recapture Guadalcanal.

1960 - USS Bexar (APA-237) deploys to Pangahan Province in response to emergency request for aid from the Province's governor.

 

August 25

 

1843 - Steam frigate Missouri arrives at Gibralter completing first Trans-Atlantic crossing by U.S. steam powered ship.

1942 - Five Navy nurses who became POWs on Guam repatriated .

1951 - 23 fighters from USS Essex (CV-9) escort Air Force heavy bombers attacking Najin, Korea since target was beyond range of land-based fighters.

 

August 26

 

1775 - Rhode Island Resolve: Rhode Island delegates to Continental Congress press for creation of Continental Navy to protect the colonies

1839 - Brig Washington seizes Spanish slaver, Amistad near Montauk Point, NY

1861 - Union amphibious force lands near Hatteras, NC

1865 - Civil War ends with Naval strength over 58,500 men and 600 ships

 

August 27

 

1917 - Squadron of minesweepers departs U.S. for service off France

1944 - USS Stingray (SS-186) lands men and supplies on Luzon, Philippines to support guerilla operations against the Japanese.

1945 - Pacific Fleet ships enter Sagami Bay, near Tokyo, Japan.

1959 - Off Cape Canaveral, FL, USS Observation Island (EAG-154) makes first shipboard launching of a Polaris missile.

 

August 28

 

1867 - Captain William Reynolds of Lackawanna raises U.S. flag over Midway Island and took formal possession of these islands for the U.S.

1942 - 120 women, commissioned directly as ENS or LTJG, reported to "USS Northampton," Smith College for training.

1952 - Units on USS Boxer (CV-21) launch explosive-filled drone which explodes against railroad bridge near Hungnam, Korea. First guided missile launched from ship during Korean Conflict.

1965 - CDR Scott Carpenter and 9 aquanauts enter SeaLab II, 205 ft. below Southern California's waters to conduct underwater living and working tests

1991 - A helicopter from USS America (CV-66) rescues 3 civilian sailors who spent 10 days in a lifeboat 80 miles off Capt May, NJ after their sailboat capsized.

1992 - Navy and Marine forces begin providing disaster relief after Typhoon Omar hit Guam

1992 - Marines and Army forces begin providing disaster relief in Florida after Hurricane Andrew.

 

August 29

 

1861 - U.S. squadron captures forts at Hatteras Inlet, NC

1862 - Union gunboat Pittsburgh support Army troops in landing at Eunice, Arkansas

1915 - Navy salvage divers raise F-4, first U.S. submarine sunk in accident

1916 - Congress passes act for expansion of Navy but most ships not completed until after World War I.

1964 - USS Boxer and 2 LSDs arrive off coast of Hispaniola to give medical aid to Haiti and Dominican Republic which were badly damaged by Hurricane Cleo.

 

August 30

 

1913 - Navy tests Sperry gyroscopic stabilizer (automatic pilot)

1929 - Near New London, CT, 26 officers and men test Momsen lung to exit submerged USS S-4

1961 - Two Cuban frigates fire on a Naval Reserve aircraft on a training mission over international waters

 

August 31

 

1842 - Congress replaces the Board of Navy Commissioners, a group of senior officer who oversaw naval technical affairs, with the five technical Bureaus, ancestors of the Systems Commands. One of the 1842 Bureau, the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, continues to serve under its original name.

1943 - Commissioning of USS Harmon (DE-678), first Navy ship named for an African American Sailor.

1944 - Carrier task group begins 3-day attack on Iwo Jima and Bonin Islands

1962 - Last flight of Navy airship made at NAS Lakehurst, NJ

 

September 1

 

1781 - French fleet traps British fleet at Yorktown, VA

1814 - USS Wasp captures HMS Avon

1925 - CDR John Rodgers and crew of 4 in PN-9 run out of fuel on first San Francisco to Hawaii flight. Landing at sea, they rigged a sail and set sail for Hawaii.

1941 - U.S. assumes responsibility for trans-Atlantic convoys from Argentia, Canada to the meridian of Iceland

1942 - Establishment of Air Force, Pacific Fleet, VADM Aubrey W. Fitch, USN

1942 - First Seabee unit to serve in a combat area, 6th Naval Construction Battalion, arrives on Guadalcanal.

1945 - USS Benevolence (AH-13) evacuates civilian internees from 2 internment camps near Tokyo, Japan

 

September 2

 

1918 - Navy ships and crews assist earthquake victims of Yokohama and Tokyo, Japan

1940 - Destroyer-for-Bases agreement between U.S. and United Kingdom

1944 - USS Finback (SS-230) rescues Lieutenant (jg) George Bush, USNR (VT-51), shot down while attacking Chichi Jima

1945 - Japan signs surrender documents on board USS Missouri (BB-63) at anchor in Tokyo Bay. FADM Chester W. Nimitz, USN, signs for the U.S. In different ceremonies, Japanese forces on Palau Islands, Truk, and on Pagan Island and Rota in the Marianas surrender.

 

September 3

 

1782 - As a token of gratitude for French aid during American Revolution, the U.S. gives America (first ship-of-the-line built by U.S.) to France to replace a French ship lost in Boston.

1783 - Signing of Treaty of Paris ends American Revolution

1885 - First classes at U.S. Naval War College begin

1925 - Crash of rigid airship Shenandoah near Byesville, OH

1943 - American landings on Lae and Salamaua

1944 - First combat employment of a missile guided by radio and television takes place when Navy drone Liberator, controlled by Ensign James M. Simpson in a PV, flew to attack German submarine pens on Helgoland Island.

1945 - Japanese surrender Wake Island in ceremony on board USS Levy (DE-162)

 

September 4

 

1804 - USS Intrepid (LT Richard Somers) blew up in failed attack on Tripoli

1941 - German submarine, U-652, attacks USS Greer, which was tracking the submarine southeast of Iceland. Greer is not damaged, but drops depth charges, damaging U-652.

1954 - Icebreakers, USS Burton Island (AGB-1) and USCG Northwind, complete first transit of Northwest passage through McClure Strait.

1954 - P2V from VP-19 shot down by Soviet aircraft near Swatow, China

1960 - USS Bushnell and Penguin begin relief operations in Marathon, FL, after Hurricane Donna.

 

September 5

 

1776 - Adoption of first uniforms for Navy officers

1813- USS Enterprise captures HM brig Boxer off Portland, ME

1918 - USS Mount Vernon torpedoed by German submarine off France

1923 - U.S. Asiatic Fleet arrives at Yokohama, Japan, to provide medical assistance and supplies after Kondo Plain earthquake.

1939 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders Navy to form a Neutrality Patrol to report the presence of foreign warships within 300 miles of eastern United States.

1946 - USS Franklin Delano Roosevelt (CVB-42) and 4 escorts visit Greece to underscore U.S. support for the Greek Government which faced a Communist insurgency.

1990 - USS Acadia (AD-42) departs San Diego for first war-time deployment of male-female crew on combat vessel

 

September 6

 

1918 - Sailors fire first of the 5 railroad batteries at Tergnier, a German rail head in the Comeigne Forest. These 14"-50 caliber guns were originally designed for battleships.

1939 - Navy begins formation of Neutrality Patrol for Atlantic Ocean

1940 - First destroyers transferred to Great Britain at Halifax, Nova Scotia, under "Destroyers-for- Bases agreement.

1944 - USS Independence (CVL-22) begins use of specially trained air group for night work. First time that a fully equipped night carrier operates with fast carrier task force.

1945 - U.S. troops begin returning to U.S. when Task Force 11 left Tokyo Bay for U.S.

1953 - Exchange of prisoners of war from Korean War (Operations Big Switch) ends.

1997 - USS Hopper, named for RADM Grace Hopper, commissioned.

 

September 7

 

1775 - The first prize, the British supply ship, Unity, was captured by the Continental schoonerHannah.

1776 - David Bushnell attempts to destroy a British Ship of the Line, HMS Asia, in New York harbor with his submarine Turtle.

1942 - First air evacuation of casualties to hospital ships off shore occurs at Guadalcanal.

 

September 8

 

1923 - In disaster at Point Honda, California, 7 destroyers run aground through faulty navigation

1939 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaims limited national emergency and increases enlisted strength in the Navy and Marine Corps; also authorizes the recall to active duty of officer, men and nurses on the retired lists of the Navy and Marine Corps

1954 - U.S. signs Manila Treaty forming SEATO

1958 - LT R. H. Tabor, wearing a Navy developed pressure suit, completes 72-hour simulated flight at altitudes as high a 139,000 feet. It was another step in the development of the Navy spacesuit, which NASA accepted in 1959 for use by Mercury astronauts.

 

September 9

 

1825 - USS Brandywine sails for France to carry the Marquis de Lafayette home after his year long visit to America.

1841 - First iron ship authorized by Congress

1940 - Navy awards contracts for 210 ships, including 12 carriers and 7 battleships

1943 - Operation Avalanche, Western Naval Task Force under VADM Hewitt, USN, lands Allied forces at Salerno, Italy

1944 - Fifth Fleet carrier aircraft begin air strikes on Japanese shipping and facilities at Mindanao, Philippines

1945 - A "computer bug" is first identified and named by LT Grace Murray Hopper while she was on Navy active duty in 1945. It was found in the Mark II Aiken Relay Calculator at Harvard University. The operators affixed the moth to the computer log, where it still resides, with the entry: "First actual case of bug being found." They "debugged" the computer, first introducing the term.

 

September 10

 

1813 - In Battle of Lake Erie, Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, flying his "Don't give up the ship" flag, defeats British squadron and says: "We have met the enemy and they are ours..."

1925 - Submarine R-4 rescues crew of PN-9 10 miles from their destination of Hawaii (See also September 1)

 

September 11

 

1814 - In Battle of Lake Champlain, Commodore Thomas Macdonough defeats a British Squadron.

1939 - Bear (AG-29) is commissioned by the U.S. Navy for Antarctic operations under command of RADM Richard Byrd, USN (Ret.).

1941 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces order to the Navy to "shoot on sight" vessels threatening U.S. shipping or ships under U.S. escort.

1942 - Pharmacist's Mate First Class Wheeler B. Lipes, USN, performs emergency appendectomy on Seaman First Class Darrell D. Rector, USNR, on board USS Seadragon on patrol in South China Sea.

1943 - Italian Navy surrenders to Allies

1945 - Operation Magic Carpet, the return of troops to the U.S., begins.

2001 - American Flight 77 hijacked by terrorists struck the Pentagon. Casualties include 33 sailors, 6 Department of the Navy civilians, and 3 Navy civilian contractors reported missing, Arlington, VA. Two commercial airliners also struck the World Trade Center in New York City, NY, destroying both towers.

2002 - The "Don't Tread on Me" First Navy Jack is flown by Navy ships marking the first anniversary of the terrorists attacks on the Pentagon and World Trade Center

 

September 12

 

1916 - First demonstration of automatic stabilization and direction gear in aircraft

1944 - 5th Fleet carrier aircraft begin 3-day attack on Japanese shipping and facilities in Visayas, Philippines

1952 - USS Coral Sea (CVB-43) took Marshall Josip Tito for a one-day cruise in the Adriatic Sea where he was shown flight operations.

1961 - Navy task force sails to aid the Galveston area after hurricane Carla hits Texas

1966 - Launch of Gemini 11, piloted by CDR Charles Conrad Jr., USN and LCDR Richard F. Gordon Jr., USN. Their mission lasted 2 days and 23 hours and included 44 orbits at an altitude of 1368.9 km.. Recovery was by HS-3 helicopter from USS Guam (LPH-9)

1967- Operation Coronado V began in Mekong Delta

1992 - Joint Task Force Hawaii activated to provide humanitarian aid after Typhoon Iniki struck Hawaiian Islands

 

September 13

 

1814 - British bombardment of Fort McHenry inspires the Star Spangled Banner.

1847 - Marine Brigade leads U.S. forces that storm Chapultepec Castle near Mexico City, inspiring one line of the Marine Hymn

1906 - Sailors and Marines from USS Denver land in Havana at the request of the Cuban government to preserve order during a revolution.

1939 - Navy suspends transfers to the Fleet Reserve after 20 years service and retains men on active duty.

1985 - Commander Middle East Force orders escort of Military Sealift Ships in Persian Gulf because of Iranian seizure of merchant vessels.

 

September 14

 

1899 - Gunboat Concord and monitor Monterey capture two insurgent schooners at Aparri, Philippine Islands

1939 - Atlantic Squadron Neutrality Patrol ships deploy

 

September 15

 

1944 - Invasion of Peleliu, Palau Islands, after several days of intensive carrier aircraft bombing and ship bombardment.

1950 - U.S. forces under VADM Arthur Struble achieve an amphibious landing at Inchon, Korea

1967 - Operation Crimson Tide in Mekong Delta

 

September 16

 

1854 - CDR David G. Farragut takes possession of Mare Island, the first U.S. Navy Yard on the Pacific.

1917 - Navy Department authorizes establishment of 16 Naval air stations abroad

1922 - Commander Halsey Powell in USS Edsall became the senior officer directing the evacuation of 250,000 Greek refugees from Turkey after war between Greece and Turkey.

1940 - President Roosevelt signs Selective Training and Service Act, the first peacetime draft.

1958 - USS Grayback fires first operational launch of Regulus II surface to surface guided missile off CA coast; Missile carries first U.S. mail sent by guided missile.

1966 - USS Oriskany helicopters rescue 44-men crew of British merchant ship August Moon near Hong Kong

 

September 17

 

1861 - Union landing party from USS Massachusetts takes possession of Ship Island south of New Orleans, LA. This was the headquarters for ADM David Farragut's Gulf Coast Blockading Squadron.

1944 - Navy Task Force lands Army troops on Angaur, Palau Islands supported by Navy carrier aircraft and shore bombardment

 

September 18

 

1926 - Navy brings relief aid to Miami, FL, after a severe hurricane.

1936 - Squadron 40-T, based in the Mediterranean, established to protect U.S. interests and citizens around Iberian peninsula throughout the Spanish Civil War.

1941 - U.S. Navy ships escort eastbound British trans-Atlantic convoy for first time (Convoy HX-150). Although the U.S. Navy ships joined HX-150, which left port escorted by British ships on 16th, on night of 17 September, the official escort duty began on 18th.

1947 - National Security Act becomes effective

 

September 19

 

1915 - SECNAV Josephus Daniels organizes the Naval Consulting Board to mobilize the scientific resources of U.S. for national defense.

1957 - Bathyscaph Trieste, in a dive sponsored by the Office of Naval Research in the Mediterranean, reaches record depth of 2 miles

1992 - Joint Task Force Marianas stands down after providing assistance to Guam after Typhoon Omar

 

September 20

 

1911 - Navigational instruments first requested for naval aircraft.

1951 - In Operation Summit, the first combat helicopter landing in history, U.S. Marines were landed in Korea.

1981 - USS Mount Hood and Navy helicopters rescue 18 crew members of Philippine Navy frigate, Datu Kalantiaw

 

September 21

 

1858 - Sloop Niagara departs Charleston, SC, for Liberia with African slaves rescued from slave ship.

1923 - Asiatic Fleet completes mission of aiding earthquake victims in Japan.

1939 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt asks Congress to repeal the arms embargo provision of the Neutrality Act.

1944 - Aircraft from 12 carriers commence 2-day attack against Japanese ships and airfields on Luzon, Philippine Islands.

1984 - Mid East Force begins escort of U.S. flagged vessels in Persian Gulf.

 

September 22

 

1776 - John Paul Jones in Providence sails into Canso Bay, Nova Scotia, and attacks British fishing fleet.

1943 - U.S. destroyers and landing craft land Australian troops at Finschhafen, New Guinea.

1989 - After Hurricane Hugo, Sailors and Marines provide assistance to Charleston, SC, through 10 October.

 

September 23

 

1779 - Captain John Paul Jones in Continental Navy frigate Bonhomme Richard captures HMS Serapis.

1931 - LT Alfred Pride pilots Navy's first rotary wing aircraft, XOP-1 autogiro, in landings and takeoffs on board USS Langley while underway.

1944 - Naval Task Group lands Army troops on Ulithi Atoll, Caroline Islands

1944 - USS West Virginia (BB-48) reaches Pearl Harbor and rejoins the Pacific Fleet, marking the end of the salvage and reconstruction of 18 ships damaged at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941.

1947 - James Forrestal, former SECNAV, takes office as first Secretary of Defense

1990 - Two Hospital ships (USNS Mercy and USNS Comfort) steam together for first time in Arabian Gulf

 

September 24

 

1918 - Ensign David S. Ingalls, USNR, in a Sopwith Camel, shoots down his fifth enemy aircraft, becoming the first U.S. Navy ace while flying with the British Royal Air Force.

1944 - 5th Fleet carrier aircraft attack Japanese in Visayas, Philippines

1960 - First nuclear powered aircraft carrier, USS Enterprise (CVAN-65), launched at Newport News, VA

 

September 25

 

1941 - In first successful U.S. Navy escort of convoys during World War II, Navy escort turn over HX-150 to British escorts at the Mid-Ocean Meeting Point. All ships reach port safely.

1957 - In project Stratoscope, Office of Naval Research obtains sharp photographs of sun's corona from first balloon-borne telescope camera.

 

September 26

 

1781 - French fleet defeats British at Yorktown, VA

1910 - First recorded reference to provision for aviation in Navy Department organization

1918 - USCGC Tampa lost with 118 men, probably by German submarine

1931 - Keel laying at Newport News, VA of USS Ranger (CV-4), first ship designed and constructed as an aircraft carrier

1963 - First steam-eject launch of Polaris missile at sea off Cape Canaveral, FL (now Cape Kennedy) from USS Observation Island (EAG-154)

 

September 27

 

1922 - Report on observations of experiments with short wave radio at Anacostia, DC, starts Navy development of radar

1941 - Launch of first Liberty ship, SS Patrick Henry, in Baltimore, MD

1942 - Armed Guard on SS Stephen Hopkins engages German auxiliary cruiser Stier and supply ship Tannenfels. Stephen Hopkins and Stier both sink.

1944 - Special Air Task Force (STAG-1) commences operations with drones, controlled by TBM aircraft, against Japanese in Southwestern Pacific

1950 - First Marine Division captures Seoul, South Korea

 

September 28

 

1822 - Sloop-of-war Peacock captures 5 pirate vessels

1850 - Congress outlaws flogging on Navy ships

1923 - Navy aircraft take first and second places in international Schneider Cup Race

1944 - Marines occupy islands in Palaus under cover of naval aircraft and gunfire support.

1964 - First deployment of Polaris A-3 missile on USS Daniel Webster (SSBN 626) from Charleston, SC

 

September 29

 

1944 - USS Narwhal (SS-167) evacuates 81 Allied prisoners of war that survived sinking of Japanese Shinyo Maru from Sindangan Bay, Mindanao

1946 -Lockheed P2V Neptune, Truculent Turtle, leaves Perth, Australia on long distance non-stop, non-refueling flight that ends October 1.

1959 - USS Kearsarge (CVS-33) with Helicopter Squadron 6 and other 7th Fleet units begin 6 days of disaster relief to Nagoya, Japan, after Typhoon Vera.

 

September 30

 

1800 - U.S. concludes treaty of peace with France, ending Quasi War with France.

1944 - USS Nautilus (SS-168) lands supplies and evacuates some people from Panay, Philipppine Islands.

1946 - U.S. Government announces that U.S. Navy units would be permanently stationed in the Mediterranean to carry out American policy and diplomacy.

1954 - Commissioning at Groton, CT, of USS Nautilus (SSN-571), the world's first nuclear-powered ship

1958 - Marines leave Lebanon.

1959 - Last flight of airshps assigned to the Naval Air Reserve at Lakehurst, NJ takes place

1968 - Battleship New Jersey arrives off Vietnam